Two young American businessmen, Henry J Heinz and L Clarence Noble launch Heinz & Noble. Their first product is Henry's 'pure and superior' grated horseradish, bottled in clear glass to show its purity.
Henry J. Heinz had started selling produce from his mother's garden when he was just eight years old.
Heinz introduced its famous formulation in 1876, which contained tomatoes, distilled vinegar, brown sugar, salt and various spices.
Heinz sells a whopping 11bil packets of ketchup a year, which is two packets for every person on the planet, and two billion packets for every person currently in space.
Tomatoes didn't make it into ketchup until the late 1800s since most right-minded people considered it a poisonous cousin to nightshade. Around 20-25 tomatoes are needed in each bottle of Heinz ketchup.
Not very many people know this trick- Tap the 57 on the bottleneck in order to make the ketchup pour more quickly.
A Heinz employee, bacteriologist called Herbert Riley coined the term 'quality control.'
Twilight star Jackson Rathbone scarred himself for life with this gigantic Heinz tattoo on his calf. Ed Sheeran even has a bottle tattooed on his arm!
In 1999, NASA approved Heinz Tomato Ketchup for use onboard the International Space Station.
Malcolm Gladwell's excellent 2004 New Yorker article notes that Heinz effectively dominated the ketchup market by focusing on all five of the condiment's flavour attributes. Previously just a salty and bitter sauce, Heinz increased umami with a thicker consistency of ripe tomatoes, upped the sourness with acidity from concentrated vinegar, and used benzoate preservatives to double the sweetness, thus making consumers powerless to resist the five-flavour assault.
Heinz buys over two million tons of tomatoes every year.
Coal tar was originally used as a dye to give Heinz its red colour.
All the female workers were given fresh aprons and bonnets, and those who peeled cucumbers were given a free manicure once a week.
Heinz sold more than 57 varieties of products when it first branded itself. The number was chosen because the founder considered it lucky, and because he just never gave himself enough credit.
Heinz introduced kid-friendly coloured ketchup (green! purple!) in 2000, then put back on their big-person pants in 2006 and discontinued the new colours.
The heirs of the Heinz fortune often cross over into politics, with John Heinz serving as the Republican senator of Pennsylvania and Teresa Heinz serving as John Kerry's wife.
Heinz sells more than 5,700 products in 200 countries.
The merger between the H.J. Heinz Company and Kraft Foods Group was approved in 2015. Warren Buffet's Berkshire Hathaway is Kraft Heinz's biggest shareholder.